Causes of Acne, Cure, Treatment Options in Teenagers

What is Acne? and What are the Causes?

Acne is a very common, chronic skin condition, yet its exact causes is still unknown. However, majority of the medical professionals believed that it stemmed from a number of related factors, and one of those is the rising hormone levels.

According to some studies, certain hormones known as androgens trigger the formation of acne as they enlarge the sebaceous glands in the skin. They then cause these oil-producing glands to increase sebum or oil production, which then leads to the formation of plugs and served as more food for the acne-causing bacteria. These hormones are actually present in both men and women, and usually surge at puberty. This fact will explain why teenagers develop armpit and pubic hair, and why boys develop facial hair and deeper voices, other than why it forms.

Another potent cause of it is the bacteria that normally thrive on the skin. These bacteria are known as Propionibacterium, and they are responsible for causing the condition to develop. According to certain studies, it developed as these bacteria emit substances that trigger redness and inflammation. Aside from that, they also make enzymes, which then dissolve the sebum or oil into the irritating substances that make the inflammation worse.

Estrogens, the female hormones, also play a large role in the development of this particularly in girls. It is important to note first that a woman’s monthly menstrual cycle is a result of the changes in the estrogen levels in her body. This can actually explain why this skin condition in a female way get better and then get worse as she goes through her monthly menstrual cycle. For this cause, however, many doctors suggest treatments with birth control pills that contain the helpful estrogens.

The belief on the hormones connection holds that acne, which is influenced by hormones, often starts around the age of 19 to 24, thus it can affect both the teens and mature women.  At this stage, people will typically get lesions on the lower face, primarily in the chin as well as jaw line.  It may also appear on the chest and back, although a majority of its victims are affected mainly on the face.

The connection with hormones also explains the occurrence of acne in teens as well as in adults.  In teens, it is commonly noted that during the onset of puberty, androgens is produced which holds a major role in the development of acne.  And, in place of the adult, the hormones connection believed that the menstrual cycle of every woman plays a role in its development.  Certain reports in fact have noted that acne that worsens during a woman’s monthly cycle is not something that women will grow out of as they get older.

Some people also believe that it is caused by some genetic factors. As you may know, it can run in some families. So, many have thought that if you have parents or relatives who have bad acne, there is also a great possibility that you’ll get it. With the genetic factors, many have claimed that there’s no way for you to stop acne from coming.

Several other possible causes of this are there which involve, stress, cosmetics, medication and diet. These are just actually minor factors that can cause acne, but many have found out that they are somehow great aggravators of this skin condition. Stress and diet, in particular, don’t actually cause it to form, but many have believed that these two will potentially aggravate acne and some other skin condition you have.

Knowing that no particular cause of acne is determined, perhaps the best move for you to take then is to find the right treatment that can help reduce and eliminate your skin condition to certain level. Consult your doctor for a recommendation.

Acne Prevention

Acne has long been one of the most chronic skin conditions plaguing the lives of millions of people of different walks of life, young and adult. It is believed that acne results from the action of hormones on the sebaceous glands of the skin, and there are some aggravators of this skin condition, hereditary being one.

Acne greatly affects the lives of its victims. It brings certain personal anguish to the patients and it even lowers the person’s self esteem. Recognizing this fact, it is then somehow necessary to know and understand some of the acne prevention guidelines that may help prevent and get rid of acne. In particular, one of the most often suggested acne prevention guidelines is to never pop up, squeeze or pick at the acne lesion. This acne prevention act is highly considered since it can spread the inflammatory process and may just worsen the condition.

Aside from that acne prevention suggestion, it is considered that washing the face tenderly with a mild soap or sulfur soap at least twice a day can help prevent the onset and spread of acne. Just don’t forget to pat your face dry and do not rub it with a towel. Another helpful acne prevention step to consider is to avoid the oil based products. Then, apply only those “noncomdomedogenic” skin products that do not clog pores. If possible, you should also try to avoid acne irritants like the airborne grease from the fast food restaurants, rubbing or friction from sporting equipments since they may also cause acne. Moreover, some of the experts considered the act of giving anti-acne products the time to clear up the lesions as one of the best acne prevention moves to take. Just note that this acne prevention move can mean a number of weeks or even months.

Some of the acne prevention specialists also suggest certain nonprescription topical medications for acne prevention. One of the acne prevention agents that are often used these days is the benzoyl peroxide. This acne prevention agent is actually the active ingredient in a number of the over-the-counter acne topical treatments. It is an antibacterial agent that is so effective for fighting the acne-causing bacteria. Then, there is the salicylic acid, another acne prevention agent that is believed to be potent for reducing the abnormal shedding of the skin cells along the hair follicle.

Some other acne prevention agents and products are there like the prescribed antibiotics that can help kill the acne bacteria. In particular, a prescribed acne prevention medicine called accutane is available for treating the severe and nodular acne. However, this acne prevention medicine is noted for several unfavorable side effects like birth defects, redness, dryness, and irritation, so it must be better to take it if nothing else works.

Acne Scar Removal Treatments

One of the common problems that most of the acne patients face today is how to prevent and remove acne scars. Acne scars are usually formed from severe acne where the skin gets a volcanic shape. Any acne scar is very hard to treat and it is so unusual that it can be removed completely. It is with this situation that the acne scar removal treatments may be appropriate.

In the first place, acne scar removal treatments require that a patient’s skin is free of active acne. And, before considering a certain acne scar removal treatment, it is very important to know that scars have three different classifications, which involve the ice pick scars, boxcar scars, and rolling scars. With this it is then somehow understandable that every person experiences different types of scarring from acne and every person is left with very different facial topography. Thus, an acne scar removal treatment must be addressed on a case by case basic since no single acne scar removal treatment is exactly right for everyone. Here are a couple of the most popular acne scar removal treatments that are commonly used by some medical professionals today.

Subcutaneous Incision

This acne treatment method is typically to treat rolling scars, a type of acne scars characterized by a rolling and undulating surface.  The Subcutaneous Incision is applied for the purpose of breaking up the fibrous bands that cause the skin to roll or appear undulated.  In the process of this acne scar treatment, a local anesthesia is usually inserted under the skin with a special beveled needle that remains parallel to the surface of the skin.  The needle is then applied to gently cut the fibrous bands, which is done with a piston-like movement.  With this acne scar treatment method, however, it is noted that bruising may occur, but will fade in about a week.


This acne scar removal treatment has actually been around for many decades. It works to remove the damaged skin and allow the new skin to grow in its place. The procedure involved in this acne scar removal treatment usually takes for about half an hour to an hour, and then the skin is either frozen or numbed first. Many experts have considered this acne scar removal treatment as best for the light skinned or very dark patients, but not as good for those who are in between.

Laser Surfacing:

This acne scar removal treatment basically involves the use of a laser to remove the damaged skin so to allow the new skin to form in its place. Laser surfacing is actually a new procedure and only few studies have been made, but certain cases have shown that this acne scar removal treatment is promising since the penetration depth into the skin is more easily monitored with a laser than with other acne scar removal methods. It is commonly noted that the procedure involved in this acne scar removal treatment can take for just a few minutes, particularly for small areas, or an hour or more for larger areas.

Note that those two mentioned acne scar removal treatments are just among the many can scar removal treatment methods being used today. And, very often, a number of treatments will have to be combined to produce the best results. However, before considering any of the outstanding acne scar removal treatments, be sure to consult with your doctor for a proper guidance.

Best Acne Treatments

As you may know, certain product endorsements are there highlighting those topical creams and lotions, claiming as one of the best acne treatments ever made, but it turns out in the end that it can cause redness and irritation. Some people also promote oral antibiotics as among the best acne treatments in the market but can cause stomach upset, even light sensitivity and yeast infection among women. Much worse is the fact that certain studies regarding the deemed best acne treatments like antibiotics found out that about 40 percent of the skin bacteria have become resistant to antibiotics, thus making them a cynical pal in the fight against acne and some other skin breakouts.

Given those facts, it is then worth noting that few methods to fight acne are still present. Perhaps one of the best acne treatments ever made is the ClearLight ™ Acne Therapy. As one of the best acne treatments available these days, the ClearLight ™ Acne Therapy is highly considered by many experts as a potent new light-based therapy. It specifically employs a high-intensity blue light to kill the most common acne-causing bacteria with the absence of drugs, pain and the downtime. ClearLight ™ Acne Therapy, being one of the best acne treatments ever developed, is applied in eight treatments over a four week period. Many of the acne patients see a dramatic decrease in the severity of the acne lesions, and some report great improvements after just two or three sessions. Being one of the new, best acne treatments in the marketplace today, the ClearLight ™ Acne Therapy is actually the first medical device to welcome an FDA clearance to market for the treatment of this chronic skin disease.

Some devices and products are also out there and deemed as the best acne treatments in the world today. With a number of them, finding the best among the best acne treatments could then be too tough. Careful decision and choice is perhaps needed in order to pick up the best one.

Acne Home Remedies

Many people certainly seek for particular ways to prevent acne from forming and to eliminate it in the end, perhaps due to the mental agony it brings and its impact to the person’ self esteem. A common phenomenon today appears that most people suffering of acne often ask help from a dermatologist who almost prescribes antibiotics and some over-the-counter products that are proven for certain unfavorable side effects.

Knowing that a number of over-the-counter acne remedies have their side effects, making them much hazardous than effective, it is somehow interesting to know that certain acne home remedies are now widely recommended for treating acne. Some of these acne home remedies need to be prepared at home, while some are readily available for use.

One of the most commonly suggested acne home remedies today is the Colloidal silver. It is actually one of the effective natural acne home remedies that are deemed as antibiotic. You can take it orally and some experts recommend this form of acne home remedies to be applied directly on the affected area for a much better result. It can be mixed with water or juice; however, it is very necessary to note that it is a dietary supplement and is not intended for medicinal use.

Another effective sample of home remedies is the garlic capsules. The garlic capsules are considered as potent home remedies as they boost the immune system and are capable of ending the lives of the bacteria found in acne. Today, there is the Kyolic Reserve Aged Garlic Extract Capsules that are taken as a dietary supplement. This product is noted for being odorless and it greatly supports healthy cholesterol levels.

There are also the Burdock root and dandelion root which are highly considered as one effective acne home remedies due to their inulin content. These home remedies are now commonly used not just to kill the bacteria found in acne for the skin improvement, but also to aid the liver eliminate toxins from the blood. Moreover, you cal also take homeopathic acne home remedies like the Kali bromatum, Antimonium tartaricum, Herpa sulphuris, and Sulphur. These homeopathic acne home remedies generally help to prevent the formation of pimples or quickly bring them to a head.

Other acne home remedies are there like the lavender oil, which can be directly applied to the affected areas to soothe the skin and prevent acne from spreading. Finally, you can even put tea tree oil on the acne affected skin. The tea tree is actually a natural antibiotic and it is one of the potent acne home remedies ever developed that it destroys a wide range of invading microorganisms without side effects or whatsoever.